"The camps are meant not only to exterminate people and degrade human beings, but also serve as the ghastly experiment of eliminating, under scientifically controlled conditions, spontaneity itself as an expression of human behavior and of transforming the human personality into a mere thing, into something that even animals are not; for Pavlov’s dog, which, as we know, was trained to eat not when it was hungry but when a bell ring, was a perverted animal."
Hannah Arendt's ,Totalitarianism, part three of the origins of totalitarianism, p 136
so that the disease can then be studied...."
Human Guinea pigs, Sir Maurice Pappworth, 1967
"...the induction and experience of fear ...Damasio AR....We define fear induction as the exposure to stimuli capable of triggering a state of fear.....To further investigate SM’s emotional experiences in everyday life, ...captures emotional experiences in real-time as they unfold in the subject’s natural environment...in another woman who underwent right amygdalohippocampectomy to control severe epilepsy. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pm
"DAMASIO...reactivou o papel de investigação do serviço de neurologia do hospital de santa maria.."
"Morality is independent of all sanctions, is superior to REWARD and PUNISHMENTS...
Morality is foresight, but it is only among the elect that the latter is developed to such a pitch that it
is possible to form images of the consequences of action and abstention sufficiently clear and definite
to exercise a restraining or encouraging influence.
The average man can act morally without first working out a clear picture of the future. It is enough
that he has been trained to the habit of respecting current precepts, and of accepting the views obtaining in his circle as to what is good or bad, what is admissible or inadmissible. This morality, of course, is merely a matter of drill or training; it is unthinking automatism ; it is inferior, and not to be compared with the living, creative morality of higher natures, which, as a sovereign law-giver, comes to an independent decision in every case and, like the guardian...
But for everyday use mechanical morality may suffice. In the uneventful existence of the
average man, which passes in a stereotyped way, this mechanical morality is an acceptable guide and
counsellor, but it remains an outside influence foreign to his inner consciousness; he is glad to deceive and outwit it, as a slave does his master's bailiff if he can do so without running the risk of a thrashing; but if his destiny unexpectedly rises above its accustomed dead level, then this dogmatic morality, which he has never really assimilated, leaves him in the lurch, and mournfully, in piteous tones, he utters the well- known cry, " It is easy to do one's duty; it is difficult to know where one's duty lies.
...Respect for the personality of others, which is the feeling from which the concept of Right and Duty emanates, seems to be a late and noble product of Morality and a particularly praiseworthy victory of prescient intelligence over selfishness. "
Morals and the evolution of man, Max Nordau